Harriet Beecher Stowe, originally published as a serial in 1850, published as a book 1852, read as an e-book reformatting of Project Gutenberg text.
My first surprise was to learn that Uncle Tom was intended as a hero, a true example of a noble Christian. Having only heard his name used as a term of contempt, I expected to find him set up as a contemptible character by Stowe. I was also surprised to find, in a book published a mere ten years before the Emancipation Proclamation, how little the author assumed the reader knew about the institution of slavery.
The importance of this book and its effect on American history is well known; I think it’s also interesting as documenting that history. It obviously is crafted as a work of Abolitionist propaganda (which is not necessarily to suggest inaccuracy), and the perspective it gives on everything ranging from gender roles and religious life in America in the mid-Nineteenth Century to the establishment of Liberia are all fascinating.